East Asia : Selected Demographic And Labour Force Indicators


Country Average Annual Rate of Population Growth Average Annual Rate of Labour Force Growth Total Fertility Rate (TFR) Proportion of Population above 60a Elderly Dependency Ratio (EDR)b
  1990-2000 2000-25 2030-50 1990-2000 2000-30 2030-50 1990-95 2025-30 1990 2030 1990 2025
Indonesia
1.46
1.00
0.55
2.4
1.1
0.2
2.93
2.16
6.4
14.1
11.3
19.3
Malaysia
2.08
1.33
0.71
2.6
1.6
0.5
3.50
2.08
5.7
14.5
10.3
20.8
Philippines
2.30
1.59
0.89
2.7
2.0
0.7
4.05
2.11
5.3
13.5
8.9
16.2
Singapore
1.57
0.85
0.09
1.5
0.3
-0.1
1.80
2.05
8.5
29.4
12.6
43.9
Thailand
1.37
0.90
0.48
1.4
0.8
0.1
2.21
2.11
6.0
18.0
10.0
23.1
China
1.02
0.64
0.22
0.8
-0.7
-0.8
2.00
2.13
8.9
21.9
13.8
29.5
Hong Kong
0.7
0.12
-0.41
0.8
-0.7
-0.8
1.35
2.02
13.0
33.9
19.8
64.1
Taiwan
0.81
0.59
0.13
1.50
0.2
-0.3
1.75
2.05
9.7
26.1
15.6
40.1
Korea
0.86
0.50
0.90
1.1
1.0
-0.4
1.75
2.05
7.7
25.5
11.6
37.2
Japan
0.26
-0.08
-0.32
0.0
-0.6
-0.7
1.50
2.03
17.3
33.0
27.0
60.3

Sources: Heller, P.S., 1997. “Ageing Asian ‘Tigers’:
Challenges for Fiscal Policy” Processed, Table 1. Heller’s estimates
are based on unspecified World Bank Statistical Sources.

World Bank, Averting Old Age Crisis, New York: Oxford University Press,
1994 Tables A1 and A2, pp. 343-353; and Bos, et al., World Population
Projection ‘1994-95, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Table
10, pp. 30-33.

Note: a TFR is the average number of births per woman
in the population. A TFR of 2.1 maintains a stable population, assuming
no net migration takes place. TFR of slightly above 2 is needed to account
for women who may die before reaching the fertility age.

b EDR is defined as persons 60 years and above/persons 15-59.