For the Record

From a commencement address yesterday by U.N. Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali at Johns Hopkins University’s School for Advanced International Studies:

Recently, the United Nations Development Program asked people around the world, in many different situations, the question, “What does security mean to you?” Their answers focused not on state, but on human security. People think of freedom from fear, disease, death. They think of health, education, jobs and the well-being of the family. These issues often span state borders. They require cooperative understanding and effort — not only among states, but at all levels — global, international, regional, national, governmental and non-governmental, local and personal… .

In a report on an agenda for development provided to the General Assembly [Wednesday], I offered a new framework for thinking about this problem. Development has many dimensions. Peace, itself, is a foundation for development. The lack of development… breeds confrontation. This cycle must be broken.

… Economic growth remains the driving force of development. Without economic growth, the resources will not be available for any efforts at progress.

Environment is critical to development. A country’s natural resources are often its most exploitable assets. Present needs must be satisfied in ways that make development sustainable. Justice is a source of social progress. The poorest countries need help to prevent disease, achieve good governance and strengthen education… .

Democracy and development are linked. In some countries, development has been followed by a trend toward democratization. Elsewhere, democratization leads the way to economic revolution. Stability, good governance, participation and creativity are all products of democracy. All are critical to lasting development.