The Jane’s Interview

Lloyd Axworthy – Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister

When Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister Lloyd Axworthy began championing the “human security agenda” three years ago, his emphasis was on human life and dignity, not weaponry. However, with the onset of the Kosovo crisis the Canadian minister was one of the first to agree to the use of military force to protect ethnic Albanians.

Kosovo, he says, “was the test case as to whether the international community was prepared to actually enforce humanitarian laws. And it was”.

Axworthy believes there is no set formula for deciding to intervene on humanitarian grounds. “Each case is circumstantial,” he says. “To me, the most compelling case, and the one that we put forward, is where there are clear international crimes, genocide, taking place.”

A key component of the human security agenda is conflict prevention. “It certainly seems to me that we need to have a much more rapid response from the UN and other regional organisations,” says Axworthy. “Because sometimes the presence of peace forces can be a deterrent for a conflict. One of the great tragedies, is where before the outbreak of the conflict in Kosovo, the UN had to withdraw its forces on the Macedonian-Kosovo border because of a veto on the permanent five.” This illustrates another problem, “the division in the Security Council between those who adhere to their national interest as opposed to the international interest”.

Canada has been pushing the UN Security Council “to extend the peacekeeping mandate to include protection of civilians in conflicts”. But Axworthy asks: “How do you best protect civilians?” The minister believes the answer varies. In the case of Chechnya, the UN took the diplomatic approach, asking the Russians “to restrain their use of force on civilians, to provide some protection for civilians [and] provide access for humanitarian organisations”.

He acknowledges “we’re into this great debate between the classic defence of national sovereignty as an absolute, versus the emerging humanitarian laws… there’s a body of international law that now says the rights of the individuals are more important than the rights of the states. But there are some governments that don’t quite agree with that”.

The Canadian Forces, which played a significant part in the Kosovo air war and contributed to the subsequent peacekeeping effort on the ground, saw Kosovo as proof that its robust war fighting capabilities were still a necessary component of international relations. Axworthy, one of the strongest ministers in Prime Minister Jean Chretien’s cabinet, could be a potential ally when the Department of National Defence presents its re-equipment plans to government for approval.

Nothing, however, is guaranteed. Axworthy acknowledges “that most of the conflicts that we’re now engaged in are not the classic cross- border conflicts, but internal ones, which create a demand for more robust intervention, both in the military sense and in the police sense”. He believes that “one of the major contributions Canada makes in the area of human security involvement is through our police forces, through our Royal Canadian Mounted Police, who are professional, highly trained and respected around the world”.

Axworthy concedes that the human security agenda requires “highly trained, professional, effective military personnel to do it. But not exclusively”. He says: “You need an accompanying civilian peacekeeping team that works in total complementary fashion.” He believes that “peacemaking and peacebuilding are two sides of the same coin”. The minister cites an example he witnessed in Kosovo last November. Canadian troops were helping the local population by repairing a school in Glogovac. “They discovered landmines around the school so they brought in demining teams who were civilians that we’d sent over, and a construction firm from Montreal that was happy to fix the roof and walls,” he says. “Here was a combination of these young officers and enlisted men from the military working with these middle-aged guys who were doing the reconstruction of the school, and the deminers. To me, there was the Canadian presence in its new form.

“So I think the whole nature [of military utility] is changing,” he says. The armed forces need to be “highly equipped, [with a] mobile capacity”, but they must also have “the capacity to deal with disaster relief, the support of civilian intervention and peacebuilding activity”.

Pursuit of a human security agenda has put Axworthy front and centre in the movements to control nuclear weapons, achieve an anti- personnel landmines treaty, establish an international criminal court, control small arms, and ban the recruitment of child soldiers.

He notes the need for civilian-military partnership for “enforcement on border controls against drug-trafficking or illegal migration of people, and the need to have an effective coastal patrol”. He says: “A good example is the changing nature of NORAD [North American Aerospace Defence Command], which increasingly uses its surveillance power to detect border incursions from drug traffickers and things of that kind.”

The US government, however, may want to assign the National Missile Defense role to NORAD, which would put Canada in the uncomfortable position of having to choose between the arms control principles so strongly advocated by Axworthy, and its valued relationship with its closest ally.

– Sharon Hobson JDW Correspondent, Ottawa

37 thoughts on “The Jane’s Interview

  • May 24, 2017 at 5:38 am

    Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was
    wondering your situation; many of us have developed
    some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange methods with others, be sure to shoot me an email if interested.

  • May 24, 2017 at 11:32 am

    I got this web page from my pal who informed me concerning this website and at the moment this time I am browsing this web site and reading very
    informative content at this place.

  • May 25, 2017 at 7:30 am

    We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.

    Your web site provided us with helpful information to
    work on. You’ve performed a formidable process and our
    entire group will likely be grateful to you.

  • May 25, 2017 at 8:02 am

    At this time I am going to do my breakfast, once having my breakfast coming over again to read additional news.

  • May 25, 2017 at 8:32 am

    Hi there! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone 3gs!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all
    your posts! Keep up the superb work!

  • May 25, 2017 at 8:37 am

    What’s up to all, it’s genuinely a nice for me to visit this
    web page, it consists of priceless Information.

  • May 25, 2017 at 9:14 am

    I think everything posted made a lot of sense. However, what about
    this? what if you typed a catchier post title? I am not saying your information is not solid, but what if you added a title
    that grabbed people’s attention? I mean The Jane’s Interview – CPDSIndia is a
    little vanilla. You should glance at Yahoo’s home page and note how
    they create news headlines to grab people to click.
    You might add a video or a picture or two to grab
    people interested about what you’ve got to say. In my opinion, it could make your
    website a little livelier.

  • May 25, 2017 at 9:46 am

    Hello, I wish for to subscribe for this web site to get newest
    updates, therefore where can i do it please help.

  • May 25, 2017 at 2:56 pm

    Hi there to every body, it’s my first pay a visit of this webpage; this web site carries amazing and genuinely good material for readers.

  • May 25, 2017 at 3:13 pm

    Hi there, You have done an excellent job. I’ll certainly digg
    it and personally recommend to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this website.

  • May 25, 2017 at 5:48 pm

    Can I simply say what a comfort to discover somebody who actually knows what they’re talking about online.
    You certainly know how to bring a problem to light and make it important.
    A lot more people should look at this and understand this side
    of the story. It’s surprising you’re not more
    popular given that you definitely have the gift.

  • May 25, 2017 at 10:55 pm

    continuously i used to read smaller posts that also clear their motive, and that is also happening with this article
    which I am reading at this time.

  • May 26, 2017 at 5:03 pm

    Thanks for finally writing about >The Janes Interview – CPDSIndia <Loved it!

  • June 7, 2017 at 11:53 am

    Hi everybody, here every person is sharing these kinds of experience, so
    it’s fastidious to read this web site, and I
    used to go to see this website all the time.

  • June 7, 2017 at 12:54 pm

    Appreciating the dedication you put into your website
    and in depth information you offer. It’s awesome to come across a blog every
    once in a while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed information. Great
    read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds
    to my Google account.

  • June 7, 2017 at 2:43 pm

    Hi! I understand this is sort of off-topic however I had to
    ask. Does running a well-established website such as yours require a massive amount work?
    I am completely new to operating a blog but I do write in my journal daily.
    I’d like to start a blog so I can easily share my experience and views online.

    Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for new aspiring bloggers.

  • June 7, 2017 at 3:29 pm

    Remarkable! Its actually amazing article, I have got much
    clear idea on the topic of from this piece of writing.

  • June 7, 2017 at 5:23 pm

    It’s awesome to go to see this web site and reading the views of all mates about this piece of writing, while I am
    also eager of getting experience.

  • June 7, 2017 at 8:29 pm

    At this time it looks like Movable Type is the top
    blogging platform out there right now. (from what I’ve
    read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

  • June 7, 2017 at 8:48 pm

    What’s up, everything is going nicely here and ofcourse every one is sharing
    facts, that’s really good, keep up writing.

  • June 7, 2017 at 8:56 pm

    Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a hard time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.

    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs
    and I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  • June 8, 2017 at 4:27 pm

    I do believe all of the ideas you’ve introduced in your post.
    They are really convincing and will definitely work. Still, the
    posts are too quick for beginners. Could you please extend them a little from subsequent time?
    Thanks for the post.

  • June 8, 2017 at 6:40 pm

    I was curious if you ever thought of changing the structure of
    your blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could
    connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text
    for only having one or two images. Maybe you could
    space it out better?

  • June 8, 2017 at 6:48 pm

    Good day very nice site!! Guy .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark
    your blog and take the feeds additionally? I am glad to find a lot of helpful information right here within the put up,
    we want work out extra techniques in this regard,
    thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  • June 8, 2017 at 6:52 pm

    We are a bunch of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your web site offered us with helpful information to work on. You’ve done an impressive task
    and our whole neighborhood might be grateful to you.

  • June 8, 2017 at 7:07 pm

    I think that everything published was actually
    very reasonable. However, what about this? suppose you
    composed a catchier title? I am not saying your information isn’t good., but what if you
    added something that makes people desire more? I mean The Jane’s Interview – CPDSIndia
    is kinda boring. You ought to look at Yahoo’s home page
    and watch how they create post titles to get people
    interested. You might add a video or a related picture or two to
    grab readers excited about everything’ve got to say.

    Just my opinion, it might make your posts a little bit more interesting.

  • June 10, 2017 at 9:16 pm

    Highly descriptive article, I loved that a lot.

    Will there be a part 2?

  • June 11, 2017 at 11:45 pm

    Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop, just so
    she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views.
    I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  • June 12, 2017 at 6:57 am

    Wow! Finally I got a blog from where I be able to genuinely obtain useful information regarding my study and knowledge.

  • June 14, 2017 at 9:59 am

    Wonderful, what a blog it is! This blog provides valuable facts to us, keep it up.

  • June 14, 2017 at 4:07 pm

    Hey there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to take a look.

    I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Outstanding blog and fantastic design.

  • June 14, 2017 at 7:35 pm

    I was recommended this website by means of my cousin. I’m not certain whether or not this submit is written by him
    as nobody else recognize such special approximately my difficulty.
    You’re incredible! Thank you!

  • June 22, 2017 at 8:35 pm

    Excellent blog here! Also your website loads up fast!
    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  • June 23, 2017 at 2:38 pm

    I simply want to tell you that I am just beginner to blogs and seriously savored this blog site. Likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You definitely have terrific articles and reviews. With thanks for revealing your webpage.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.